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Effects of Vegetarian Diets on Blood Pressure Lowering: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis

Strict adherence to vegetarian diets, in particular vegan diet, may help reduce and normalize high blood pressure.

This research work used a meta-analytic approach to study the impact vegetarian diets has on blood pressure. Researchers sifted through data derived from 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 856 participants. 

Researchers discovered that followers of vegetarian diets, especially vegan diet, enjoyed significant reduction in their blood pressure and had healthier systolic and diastolic blood pressure numbers than consumers of omnivorous diets. This study provides strong evidence that vegetarian diets may be beneficial for the prevention and management of hypertension.

Research Summary Information

  • 2020
  • Kai Wei Lee, Hong Chuan Loh, Siew Mooi Ching, Navin Kumar Devaraj, Fan Kee Hoo
  • Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Seberang Jaya, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Perai 13700, Penang, Malaysia. Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. Department of Medical Sciences, School of Healthcare and Medical Sciences, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor, Malaysia. Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
Taiwanese Vegetarians Are Associated With Lower De...
Relation of Vegetarian Dietary Patterns With Major...

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