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Relation of Vegetarian Dietary Patterns With Major Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies

A significant drop in coronary heart disease (CHD) development and mortality risk is associated with the consumption of vegetarian diets.

This meta-analysis summarized evidence from different studies that focused on the effect of vegetarian diets on cardiovascular health. A total of 7 studies involving over 190,000 participants and 8,000 cases of cardiovascular disease and mortality were considered eligible for this meta-analysis.

Data analysis revealed that high compliance with vegetarian diets decreased coronary heart disease (CHD) occurrence and mortality risk in both diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. The findings of this study emphasized the importance of vegetarian diets in protecting an individual against developing and dying from coronary heart disease.

Research Summary Information

  • 2019
  • Andrea J Glenn , Effie Viguiliouk , Maxine Seider, Beatrice A Boucher , Tauseef A Khan , Sonia Blanco Mejia , David J A Jenkins , Hana Kahleová , Dario Rahelić , Jordi Salas-Salvadó , Cyril W C Kendall, John L Sievenpiper
  • Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC, United States. Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czechia. Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia. School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBER Obn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Human Nutrition Department, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain. College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
The Risk of Urinary Tract Infection in Vegetarians...

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