Science Summaries

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Wholegrain Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Evidence From Epidemiological and Intervention Studies

Indulgence in whole grains may help combat the development of type 2 diabetes. 

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Whole Grain Intake in Relation to Body Weight: From Epidemiological Evidence to Clinical Trials

Eating whole grains regularly can help an individual to attain and maintain a healthy body weight.

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Impact of Dietary Shift to Higher-Antioxidant Foods in COPD: A Randomised Trial

Regular consumption of antioxidant-containing foods, such as fruits and vegetables, may help to enhance lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

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Association Between Regular Electronic Nicotine Product Use and Self-reported Periodontal Disease Status: Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Survey

The odds of developing periodontal disease may be high among users of e-cigarettes, marijuana, and other illicit drugs.

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Cereal Grains, Legumes and Diabetes

Increased intake of cereals and legumes may help halt the onset of type 2 diabetes.

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Marijuana Use in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: JACC Review Topic of the Week

The use of marijuana might be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

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Cognitive Function and Consumption of Fruit and Vegetable Polyphenols in a Young Population: Is There a Relationship?

Avid consumption of fruits and vegetables loaded with polyphenols may help boost cognitive function in young adults.

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Breakfast Cereals and Risk of Hypertension in the Physicians' Health Study I

Following a dietary pattern that promotes the consumption of whole grains for breakfast may help shield a man from hypertension.

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Breakfast Cereals and Risk of Heart Failure in the Physicians' Health Study I

Heart failure is less likely to occur among individuals who regularly consumed whole grains for breakfast.

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Dietary Intake of Flavonoid Subclasses and Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Evidence From Population Studies

Habitual consumption of foods loaded with flavonoids, especially isoflavones and procyanidins, may help to keep colorectal cancer at bay.

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Cannabis-associated Arterial Disease

Cannabis users may have a high tendency to suffer from stroke, heart attack, and arteritis of the limbs.

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Association Between Soy Isoflavone Intake and Breast Cancer Risk for Pre- And Post-Menopausal Women: A Meta-Analysis of Epidemiological Studies

Habitual intake of isoflavones from soy foods may help thwart the development of cancer cells in the breast.

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Breakfast Cereals and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in the Physicians' Health Study I

Eating more whole grains for breakfast may lead to a reduction in type 2 diabetes risk.

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A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis on Dietary Flavonoid and Lignan Intake and Cancer Risk: Level of Evidence and Limitations

Creating more space for flavonoid-rich foods in our plate may help protect us from several types of cancer, including breast, lung, ovarian, colorectal, endometrial, stomach, and upper aerodigestive tract cancer.

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Alcohol Quantity and Type on Risk of Recurrent Gout Attacks: an Internet-Based Case-Crossover Study

The consumption of all types of alcoholic beverages, including beer, wine, and liquor, may trigger episodes of recurrent gout attacks.

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Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, Helicobacter Pylori Antibodies, and Gastric Cancer Risk: A Pooled Analysis of Prospective Studies in China, Japan, and Korea

Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables may help halt the formation and spread of cancer cells in the non-cardia region of the stomach.

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Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Relation to Maternal Egg and Cholesterol Intake

Gestational diabetes is more likely to occur in pregnant women who enjoyed consuming high-cholesterol foods, such as eggs.

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Higher Intake of Fruit, but Not Vegetables or Fiber, at Baseline Is Associated With Lower Risk of Becoming Overweight or Obese in Middle-Aged and Older Women of Normal BMI at Baseline

Habitual consumption of fruits is associated with reduced incidence of overweight and obesity in middle-aged and elderly women.

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Dietary Flavonoid and Lignan Intake and Mortality in Prospective Cohort Studies: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis

Individuals on high flavonoid diets may have low chances of suffering from deaths arising from cardiovascular diseases and other causes.

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Recreational Marijuana Use and Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Population-Based Analysis of Hospitalized Patients in the United States

Recreational use of marijuana is associated with increase in hospital admissions for acute ischemic stroke.

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