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Vegetable and Fruit Intake Variety and Cardiovascular Health and Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Strict adherence to a high fruit and vegetable diet may help lower an individual's risk of dying prematurely from chronic diseases.

This study evaluated the correlation between eating a diet filled with different types of fruits and vegetables and the propensity of developing and dying from cardiovascular ailments and other diseases. Researchers utilized dietary and health data obtained from over 250,000 persons who participated in 12 studies. 

Researchers discovered that individuals at the top of the fruit and vegetable consumption ladder had low chances of suffering from deaths arising from cardiovascular ailments and other causes. This study emphasized the important role a high fruit and vegetable diet play in the prevention of premature deaths from chronic diseases.

Research Summary Information

  • 2023
  • Stephanie K Nishi, Nadine Khoury, Cristina Valle Hita, Andreea Zurbau, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Nancy Babio
  • Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Departament de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Unitat de Nutrició Humana, Grup Alimentació, Nutrició, Desenvolupament i Salut Mental, 43201 Reus, Spain. Institut d'Investigació Pere Virgili (IISPV), Carrer Dr. Mallafré Guasch, 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain. Consorcio CIBER, M.P. Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain. Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON M5C 2T2, Canada. Department of Nutritional Sciences, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
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