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Ultra-processed food exposure and adverse health outcomes: umbrella review of epidemiological meta-analyses

Consistent consumption of ultra-processed foods may be harmful to our health and put us at risk of suffering and dying from several chronic diseases, including obesity, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes.

This study looked at the impact a high ultra-processed food diet can have on human health. Researchers analyzed the results of 45 studies that examined nearly 10 million persons. 

Researchers observed that frequent eaters of ultra-processed foods were prone to developing obesity, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes and dying from chronic diseases. "Greater exposure to ultra-processed food was associated with a higher risk of adverse health outcomes, especially cardiometabolic, common mental disorder, and mortality outcomes. "

Research Summary Information

  • 2024
  • Melissa M Lane, Elizabeth Gamage, Shutong Du, Deborah N Ashtree, Amelia J McGuinness, Sarah Gauci, Phillip Baker, Mark Lawrence, Casey M Rebholz, Bernard Srour, Mathilde Touvier, Felice N Jacka, Adrienne O'Neil, Toby Segasby, Wolfgang Marx
  • Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, Food & Mood Centre, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, 3220. Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Chronic Disease and Ageing, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Université Sorbonne Paris Nord and Université Paris Cité, INSERM, INRAE, CNAM, Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), Center of Research in Epidemiology and StatisticS (CRESS), F-93017 Bobigny, France. Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. James Cook University, College of Public Health, Medical & Veterinary Sciences, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
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