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Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Hip Fracture Incidence in Older Men and Women: The CHANCES Project

Increasing the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables from less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day to 3-5 servings may slash hip fracture risk significantly in older adults.

​This study assessed the influence of high dietary ingestion of fruits and vegetables on the incidence of hip fracture among older people in the United States and Europe. With the aid of validated food frequency questions, researchers collected and examined data on the dietary habits of 142,018 men and women aged 60 years and above. The occurrence of hip fracture in each of the participant was also ascertained. 

Researchers observed that the risk of fracturing a hip bone was 39% higher among individuals who consumed less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day compared to their colleagues who ate moderate amounts of fruits and vegetables comprising of 3-5 servings daily. This study concluded that "older adults with such low fruit and vegetable consumption may benefit from raising their intakes to moderate amounts in order to reduce their hip fracture risk."

Research Summary Information

  • 2016
  • Vassiliki Benetou, Philippos Orfanos , Diane Feskanich , Karl Michaëlsson , Ulrika Pettersson-Kymmer , Sture Eriksson , Francine Grodstein, Alicja Wolk , Andrea Bellavia , Luai A Ahmed, Paolo Boffeta, Antonia Trichopoulou
  • Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology, and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece. Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Orthopedics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neurosciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Department of Community Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Health and Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT-the Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway. Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Institute for Translational Epidemiology and Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
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