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Health effects of saturated and trans-fatty acid intake in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

​Children and adolescents on low-fat diets are less prone to develop cardiovascular disease.

This study was carried out to determine the effect of dietary intake of saturated and trans fatty acids on the blood pressure, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, total cholesterol concentrations, cardiovascular disease risk, and growth and development in children and adolescents. Researchers analyzed nutritional, clinical, and biochemical data extracted from several eligible studies and randomized controlled trials (RCT) that examined the association between fat consumption, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and growth and development in subjects between the ages of 2-19 years.

Researchers found out that subjects on diets low in saturated and trans fats had lower diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol than individuals on control diet high in fatty foods. A reduction in fat intake was found to have no negative effect on the growth and development of children and adolescents in this study. The results of this study suggest that adherence to a low-fat dietary pattern may help cut down cardiovascular disease risk in children and adolescents.

Research Summary Information

  • 2017
  • Te Morenga L, Montez JM.
  • Department of Human Nutrition, Edgar Diabetes and Research Centre, and Riddet Institute, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No. Source of funding disclosure not found
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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