Health - Food - Science - Community
Cigarette smoking may put an individual at high risk of having bladder, kidney, and pancreatic cancer.
Bladder cancer is more likely to occur in current and former smokers than in never smokers.
Non-smokers and smokers who take beta-carotene supplements are more prone to develop bladder cancer and all types of cancer respectively.
The use of antioxidant supplements may increase an individual's chances of developing bladder cancer.
Beta-carotene supplements may increase bladder cancer risk.
High consumption of cruciferous vegetables is associated with lower risk of bladder cancer.
Cruciferous vegetables may significantly reduce the chances of developing bladder cancer in males although other types of fruits and vegetables appeared to have an insignificant effect.