Health - Food - Science - Community
Increased dietary exposure to choline, betaine, and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) predisposes cardiovascular disease patients to adverse cardiac events, such heart failure.
High serum concentrations of TMAO are associated with high incidence of renal disorders and mortality.
L-carnitine, a major component of red meat, may increase an individual’s susceptibility to cardiovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis, and adverse cardiac events, such as stroke and myocardial infarction.
High intake of eggs, meat, and milk, which are excellent sources of choline, may increase the risk of prostate cancer development.