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Adequate intake of anthocyanin-rich foods, such as apple, pear, and blueberry, may help guard against the development of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in African American women who are regular consumers of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit drinks and soft drinks.
A surge in type 2 diabetes risk is associated with high intake of sugar-sweetened and artificial-sweetened beverages in men.
Regular drinking of fruit juice, sugar-sweetened, and artificial-sweetened beverages may increase type 2 diabetes development risk.
Regular consumers of sugar-sweetened fruit juice may have a high tendency to develop type 2 diabetes.
Diets rich in whole grains and cereal fibers are associated with low type 2 diabetes risk in men and women.
Diets rich in whole grains are associated with low type 2 diabetes risk in men.
Low intramyocellular lipid concentrations are associated with high insulin sensitivity.
Vegetarian diets may reduce insulin resistance and lower diabetes risk.
Caffeine and caffeinated beverages may either increase or decrease serum estradiol concentrations in healthy premenopausal women, apparently depending on the race.
High red meat intake may increase serum concentrations of insulin, glucose, and endothelial dysfunction biomarkers.