Bone

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Fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

​Greater intake of fruits and vegetables can help to prevent the onset of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.

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Relationship between use of antidepressants and risk of fractures: a meta-analysis.

​Fracture is more likely to occur in antidepressant users than in non-users of these drugs.

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Association between Dietary Carotenoid Intake and Bone Mineral Density in Korean Adults Aged 30-75 Years Using Data from the Fourth and Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2008-2011).

​Increased dietary exposure to carotenoids, such as lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, and β-carotene, may have a positive effect on bone health in both men and women.

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Soy isoflavone intake increases bone mineral density in the spine of menopausal women: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

​Diets rich in foods high in soy isoflavones may help to improve the bone mineral density of the spine and reduce spine bone loss in menopausal women.

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Greater Intake of Fruit and Vegetables Is Associated with Greater Bone Mineral Density and Lower Osteoporosis Risk in Middle-Aged and Elderly Adults

​Habitual consumption of fruits and vegetables may help slash an individual's risk of developing osteoporosis.

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Greater intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of osteoporotic hip fractures in elderly Chinese: a 1:1 matched case-control study.

​Osteoporotic hip fracture is less likely to occur in elderly men and women on diets high in fruits and vegetables.

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Dietary vitamin C intake and the risk of hip fracture: a dose-response meta-analysis.

​Adequate intake of vitamin C-containing foods may help guard against the occurrence of hip fractures in men and women.

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Protective effect of total carotenoid and lycopene intake on the risk of hip fracture: a 17-year follow-up from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study.

​Hip and non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures are less likely to occur in individuals who are habitual consumers of foods loaded with carotenoids, especially lycopene.

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Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Risk of Hip Fracture in Men: A Meta-Analysis of 14 Prospective Cohort Studies.

​Cigarette smoking may increase a man's risk of suffering from hip fracture.

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Fracture risk associated with smoking: a meta-analysis.

​Cigarette smoking may up an individual's risk of suffering from hip and spine fractures.

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Prospective study of cohort of soy food consumption and risk of bone fracture among postmenopausal women.

Generous intake of soy foods and isoflavones may contribute positively to the prevention of bone fracture in postmenopausal women.

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Milk, dietary calcium, and bone fractures in women: a 12-year prospective study.

Milk and other calcium-rich foods are not associated with lower risk of bone fractures in adult females.

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