Smoking and the risk of age-related macular degeneration: a meta-analysis.

​Cigarette smokers, especially current smokers, may have a high tendency of developing age-related macular degeneration.

This study investigated the association between cigarette smoking and the likelihood of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Researchers conducted a meticulous meta-analysis on data extracted from 5 prospective cohort and 8 case-control studies.

The research team found a significant elevation in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration among cigarette smokers. The likelihood of suffering from age-related macular degeneration was found to be higher in current smokers than in previous smokers. The results of this meta-analysis suggest that cigarette smoking may contribute positively to the development of age-related macular degeneration.

Research Summary Information

  • 2008
  • Cong R, Zhou B, Sun Q, Gu H, Tang N, Wang B.
  • Department of Pharmacology, Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
  • No, Free full text of study was not found.
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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