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Prevention of type 2 diabetes by dietary patterns: a systematic review of prospective studies and meta-analysis.

Generous intake of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, poultry, and whole grains may decrease type 2 diabetes risk.

This study investigated the relationship between diet and type 2 diabetes risk. Researchers analyzed data and evidences obtained from 10 prospective studies that examined 190,000 subjects and 8,932 cases of diabetes.

Researchers observed a low prevalence of type 2 diabetes among subjects who consumed healthy diets. Increased intake of diets high in fruits, vegetables, fish, poultry, and whole grains but low in red meat, processed foods, starchy foods, and sugar-sweetened beverages was found to inhibit the progression of type 2 diabetes in this study. The findings of this review show that adherence to a healthy dietary pattern contributes positively to the prevention of type 2 diabetes development in non diabetic individuals and slow down the progression of the disease in diabetic individuals.

Research Summary Information

  • 2010
  • Esposito K, Kastorini CM, Panagiotakos DB, Giugliano D.
  • Department of Geriatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy. dario.giugliano@unina2.it
  • No, Free full text of study was not found.
  • No. Source of funding disclosure not found
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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