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Meat, fish, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.

Regular consumption of large amounts of red meat and processed meat may increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer in European men and women.

This study evaluated the dietary intake of meat and fish in relation to colorectal cancer risk. Using validated food frequency questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 478,040 cancer-free men and women from 10 European countries. The colorectal cancer risk hazard ratio was assessed in all the participants in this study.

Researchers observed that subjects who regularly consumed large quantities of red meat and processed meat  had high colorectal cancer risk. In contrast, low incidence of colorectal cancer was found in subjects with higher levels of fish intake. The results of this study provide evidence that a greater risk of colorectal cancer is associated with high consumption of red meat and processed meat.

Research Summary Information

  • 2005
  • Norat T, Bingham S, Ferrari P, Slimani N, Jenab M, Mazuir M, Overvad K, Olsen A, Tjønneland A, Clavel F, Boutron-Ruault MC, Kesse E, Boeing H, Bergmann MM, Nieters A, Linseisen J, Trichopoulou A, Trichopoulos D, Tountas Y, Berrino F, Palli D, Panico S, Tumino R, Vineis P, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Peeters PH, Engeset D, Lund E, Skeie G, Ardanaz E, González C, Navarro C, Quirós JR, Sanchez MJ, Berglund G, Mattisson I, Hallmans G, Palmqvist R, Day NE, Khaw KT, Key TJ, San Joaquin M, Hémon B, Saracci R, Kaaks R, Riboli E.
  • International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69 372 Lyon cedex 08, France.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Yes. Source of funding disclosure found
  • The work described in this article was carried out with financial support of the “Europe Against Cancer Program” of the European Commission (SANCO); the Danish Cancer Society; German Cancer Aid; Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, the 3M Company, INSERM; the German Cancer Research Center; the GermanFederal Ministry of Education and Research; the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sports; the National Cancer Registry and the Regional Cancer Registries Amsterdam, East and Maastricht of The Netherlands; the Norwegian Cancer Society; the Norwegian Research Council; the Health Research Fund (FIS) of the Spanish Ministry of Health; the Greek Ministry of Health; the Greek Ministry of Education; the Italian Association for Research on Cancer; Spanish Regional Governments of Andalucia, Asturias, Basque Country, Murcia and Navarra, and ISCIII; Red de Centros RCESP, C03/09; the Swedish Cancer Society; the Swedish Scientific Council; the Regional Government of Skane, Sweden; Cancer Research UK; the Medical Research Council, U.K.; the Stroke Association, U.K.; the British Heart Foundation; the Department of Health, U.K.; the Food Standards Agency, U.K.; and the Wellcome Trust, U.K.
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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