The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation activities of the phytochemicals in whole grains may confer significant protection against the development and progression of type 2 diabetes.
Inflammation and oxidative stress are associated with increased type 2 diabetes risk. This research work was carried out to determine the role of the phytochemicals in whole grains, such as flavonoid and phenolic, in the prevention of type 2 diabetes development. Researchers analyzed data and evidence obtained from several studies and clinical trials.
Researchers discovered that habitual consumers of whole grains had high plasma levels of flavonoid and phenolic. The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation activities of these phytochemicals were found to reduce the circulating levels of biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress often associated with type 2 diabetes in this study. The findings of this review show that the phytochemicals in whole grains may cut down the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.