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Greater whole grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain.

High intakes of whole grains and dietary fibers may confer significant protection against the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

This research work evaluated the association between the consumption of whole grains and dietary fiber and weight gain, cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and metabolic risk factors. Researchers analyzed data obtained from 45 prospective cohort studies and 21 randomized-controlled trials conducted between 1966 and 2012.

Researchers discovered a lower prevalence of CVD, type 2 diabetes, and excessive weight gain among frequent consumers (3-5 servings per day) of dietary fibers and whole grains compared to rare- and non-consumers. Groups fed with whole grains were also found to have lower plasma levels of fasting blood glucose, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and total cholesterol than other groups in the 21 randomized-controlled trials. The results of this meta-analysis show that significant reduction in CVD, obesity, and type 2 diabetes risks is associated with high consumption of dietary fibers and whole grains.

Research Summary Information

Whole grains are associated with serum concentrati...
Whole grain intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes...

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