DrCarney.com Blog

Health - Food - Science - Community
1 minute reading time (211 words)

Consumption of red meat and whole grain bread in relation to biomarkers of obesity, inflammation, glucose metabolism, and oxidative stress.

Low serum concentrations of ALT, GGT, and hs-CRP and high plasma levels of GGT and hs-CRP are associated with high consumption of whole-grain bread and red meat respectively.

This study investigated the relationship between the consumption of red meat and whole-grain bread and biomarkers of obesity, inflammation, glucose metabolism, and oxidative stress. Using validated dietary questionnaires, researchers examined the red meat and whole-grain bread intakes of 2198 men and women recruited from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam Study. Relevant anthropometric variables and plasma levels of triglycerides, glycated hemoglobin, HDL-cholesterol, fetuin-A, adiponectin, alanine-aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), and hs-CRP were measured in all the subjects.

Researchers discovered low circulating levels of ALT, GGT, and hs-CRP in the blood of frequent consumers of whole-grain bread. On the other hand, subjects who regularly consumed large quantities of red meat had high plasma content of hs-CRP and GGT. Anthropometric variables, such as body mass index and waist circumference, were found to weaken the hs-CRP- and GGT-elevating activity of red meat in this study. The findings of this study show that while low serum concentrations ALT, GGT, and hs-CRP are associated with diets high in whole-grain bread, high intake of red meat may increase the circulating levels of GGT and hs-CRP in the blood.

Research Summary Information

  • 2013
  • Montonen J, Boeing H, Fritsche A, Schleicher E, Joost HG, Schulze MB, Steffen A, Pischon T.
  • Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Yes. Source of funding disclosure found
  • This study was partly supported by grants from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Förderkennzeichen 0315381A).
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
Stay Informed

When you subscribe to the blog, we will send you an e-mail when there are new updates on the site so you wouldn't miss them.

Is intake of breakfast cereals related to total an...
Interactions of dietary whole grain intake with fa...

Related Posts


Off Canvas Main Menu Display