Men who regularly consume low-carbohydrate diets high in vegetable proteins and fats have less likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.

This study assessed the relationship between low-carbohydrate diets and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Using dietary questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 40,475 cancer-, diabetes-, and cardiovascular-disease-free men recruited from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. The type 2 diabetes hazard ratio of each of the subject was also measured.

Researchers discovered that high intake of low-carbohydrate diets rich in animal proteins and fats, especially from red and processed meat, increased the odds of developing type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, generous intake of low-carbohydrate diets high in proteins and fats from plant sources was found to reduce diabetes mellitus risk in this study. The results of this study indicate that increased consumption of low-carb diets high in fats and proteins from animal sources, particularly red and processed meats, may increase men’s susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes.