High consumption of red meat is linked to unhealthy inflammation and glucose metabolic profile in women.
This study investigated the relationship between red meat consumption and inflammation and glucose metabolism profile in women. Researchers evaluated the total, processed, and unprocessed red meat intake in 3690 non-diabetic female participants in the Nurses’ Health Study. The serum concentrations of inflammatory and glucose metabolic biomarkers, such as ferritin, adiponectin, hemoglobin (Hb A1c), C-reactive protein (CRP), and fasting insulin, were measured in all the subjects.
Researchers discovered that high consumption of total, processed, and unprocessed red meat increased serum concentrations of CRP, Hb A1c, ferritin, and fasting insulin but reduced plasma adiponectin levels after adjustment for demographic information. However, when adjusted for body mass index (BMI), the blood concentrations of all these biomarkers—except ferritin— were significantly reduced. In addition, substituting red meat with other protein sources, such as poultry, fish, legumes, and nuts, lowered plasma CRP, Hb A1c, ferritin, and fasting insulin levels. The result of this study supports the view that eating large quantities of red meat is associated with unhealthy biomarker profile of inflammation and glucose metabolism in non-diabetic females.
We suspect that if the study had looked at results with a separation of protein sources completely from plants that there would have been even lowered results for that group.