​Exercising regularly and adhering to diets high in fiber, especially fruit and vegetable fiber, and low in red meat, and fat may help prevent the development of diverticular disease.

This study assessed the role diets and exercise play in the prevention of diverticular disease. Researchers reviewed eligible studies published January 1966 and December 2011 that investigated the association between dietary and lifestyle choices and diverticular disease risk.

Researchers found a low incidence of diverticular disease among individuals with high levels of physical activity and who followed a diet rich in fiber mainly from fruits and vegetables and low in fatty foods and red meat. The results of this study indicate that generous intake of diets rich in fiber from fruit and vegetable sources and low in red meat and fatty foods together with regular exercise may protect individuals against diverticular disease.