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Association between plant-based dietary patterns and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Type 2 diabetes is less likely to occur in individuals who followed a plant-based diet rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains.

​This study assessed the risk of type 2 diabetes associated with the consumption of plant-based diets. Researchers conducted a meticulous meta-analysis on data extracted from 9 studies. 

Researchers observed that strict adherence to plant-based dietary patterns characterized by high intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains diminished the risk of type 2 diabetes. This study concluded that "plant-based dietary patterns, especially when they are enriched with healthful plant-based foods, may be beneficial for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes."

Research Summary Information

  • 2019
  • Frank Qian, MPH; Gang Liu, PhD; Frank B. Hu, MD, PhD; Shilpa N. Bhupathiraju, PhD; Qi Sun, MD, ScD
  • Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
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