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Association Between Dietary Factors and Mortality From Heart Disease, Stroke, and Type 2 Diabetes in the United States

Habitual consumers of diets high in sodium, sugary beverages, and processed meats and low in fruits, vegetables, and nuts are more likely to suffer and die from stroke, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.

This study was carried out to determine the association between dietary choices and deaths from cardiometabolic diseases, such as stroke, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes in US adults. Researchers examined the consumption rates of diets high in sodium, processed meats, sweetened sugary beverages (SSB), and low in vegetables, nuts, and fruits that promote the development of heart disease and diabetes mellitus and monitored records on mortality from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. They observed that about half of the deaths from stroke, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes are associated with generous intake of diets rich in sodium, SSB, and processed meat products and poor in fruits, vegetables, and nuts. The results of this study reveal that dietary habits may increase the risk of cardiometabolic disease and mortality.

Research Summary Information

  • 2017
  • Renata Micha, Jose L. Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Fumiaki Imamura, Colin D. Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian
  • Tufts Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, Massachusetts MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England Office of Community and Population Health, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No. Source of funding disclosure not found
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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