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Vegetarian diets and the incidence of cancer in a low-risk population.

Vegetarians have lower chances of developing cancer than non-vegetarians.

This study evaluated the relationship between vegetarian diets and the risk of cancer. Research divided all the participants in this study into 5 dietary groups: vegan, lacto-vegetarians, pesco-vegetarians, semi-vegetarians, and non-vegetarians. The cancer hazard risk of each subject was also determined.

Researchers found a low incidence of cancer among  subjects in the vegetarian cohorts compared to non-vegetarian group. While a decrease in risk of gastro-intestinal cancers was found among lacto-ovo-vegetarians, vegan diets were found to confer significant protection against all types of cancers, including female-specific cancers in this study. The findings of this study lend further support to the hypothesis that vegetarian diets may be beneficial in the prevention of cancer.

Research Summary Information

  • 2013
  • Tantamango-Bartley Y, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Fan J, Fraser G.
  • Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA. ytantamango@hotmail.com
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Yes. Source of funding disclosure found
  • NIH – “Plant-based diet and risk of cancer” 1UO1 CA 152939 USDA – “Nutrition, diet and lifestyle research for longevity and healthy aging” 2010-38938-20924 WCRF – “Dairy meat, linoleic acid and soy consumption as risk factors for prostate, colorectal, and breast cancer in a cohort with a wide range of dietary habits: Adventist Health Study-2” 2009/93
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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