Vegetarian diets and blood pressure: a meta-analysis.

High blood pressure is less likely to develop in individuals adhering to a vegetarian dietary pattern.

This study examined the effect of the consumption of vegetarian diets on blood pressure. Researchers systematically analyzed nutritional and clinical data extracted from 32 observational studies and 7 clinical trials. The team of investigators found out that subjects on vegetarian diets had lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure than individuals who consumed omnivorous diets. The findings of this study indicate that increased consumption of vegetarian diets may reduce the incidence of high blood pressure in the general population.

Research Summary Information

  • 2014
  • Yokoyama Y, Nishimura K, Barnard ND, Takegami M, Watanabe M, Sekikawa A, Okamura T, Miyamoto Y.
  • Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan2Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan3Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC. Division of Evidence-Based Medicine and Risk Analysis, Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan 5Department of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Aichi, Japan. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC6Department of Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC. Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan7Department of Healthcare Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto, Japan. Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan. Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan. Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan8Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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