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Vegetable-based dietary pattern and liver cancer risk: results from the Shanghai women's and men's health studies.

​Vegetarians may have a low tendency of developing liver cancer.

This study assessed the relationship between following a vegetarian-based dietary lifestyle and the likelihood of developing liver cancer. A group of researchers examined the diets and tracked the liver cancer incidence rates of 132,837 Chinese men and women recruited from the Shanghai's Men Health Study and Shanghai's Women Health Study cohorts.

The research team discovered that individuals on vegetarian diets rich in legumes, lettuce, celery, mushroom, and allium vegetables had low chances of developing liver cancer. In contrast, high intake of meat and fruits was found to have no significant effect on liver cancer risk in this study. Data from this study suggest that strict adherence to a vegetarian dietary lifestyle may contribute positively to the prevention of liver cancer.

Research Summary Information

  • 2013
  • Zhang W, Xiang YB, Li HL, Yang G, Cai H, Ji BT, Gao YT, Zheng W, Shu XO.
  • State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No. Source of funding disclosure not found
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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