Prospective study of major dietary patterns and stroke risk in women.

Western diets rich in desserts, sweets, refined grains, and red and processed meat may elevate stroke risk in women.

Prudent dietary patterns promote the consumption of healthy foods, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, fish, and whole grains, whereas western dietary patterns encourage the intake of sweets, desserts, refined grains, red meat, and processed meat products. This study investigated the correlation between prudent and western dietary patterns and the risk of stroke. Using dietary questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 71,768 non-diabetic and cardiovascular disease-free women within the age bracket of 38-63 years. The relative risk of stroke in all the participants in this study was also assessed.

Researchers observed a low prevalence of ischemic, hemorrhagic, and total strokes among subjects who followed a prudent dietary pattern. On the other hand, western diets featuring high intakes of desserts, sweets, red meat, refined grains, and processed meat products were found to increase women’s risk of developing stroke in this study. The findings of this study provide evidence that high consumption of healthy foods may protect women against stroke.

Research Summary Information

  • 2004
  • Fung TT, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Rexrode KM, Willett WC, Hu FB.
  • Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA. fung@simmons.edu
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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