Prospective study of major dietary patterns and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US women.

High consumption of western diets high in desserts, refined grains, French fries, and red and cured meat products may increase chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk.

This study examined the role diets play in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Using dietary questionnaires, researchers collated and analyzed data on the diets of 72,043 US women recruited from the Nurses’ Health Study. The relative risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in each participant in this study was also assessed.

Researchers observed that subjects who strictly adhered to a prudent dietary pattern characterized by higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains had slim chances of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. On the other hand, increased consumption of western diets rich in refined grains, desserts, French fries, and cured and red meat products was found to elevate the risk of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The findings of this study indicate that increased intake of diets high in fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains may protect women against the development of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease.

Research Summary Information

  • 2007
  • Varraso R, Fung TT, Barr RG, Hu FB, Willett W, Camargo CA Jr.
  • Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. rvarraso@hsph.harvard.edu
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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