Prospective study of dietary patterns and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US men.

Increased consumption of diets high in fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains may cut down chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) development risk in men.

This study evaluated the association between diets and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk (COPD). Using validated dietary questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 42,917 US men recruited from the Health Professionals Follow-up study. The COPD relative risk of all the participants in this study was also assessed.

Researchers found a low incidence of COPD among subjects who habitually consumed prudent diets high in fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grain products. In contrast, high risk of COPD was associated with a western dietary pattern featuring higher intakes of desserts, French fries, refined grains, and red and cured meat products. The results of this study suggest that men who regularly consumed western diets rich in desserts, refined grains, French fries, red meat, and cured meat products are more likely to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than those who strictly adhere to a prudent dietary pattern.

Research Summary Information

  • 2007
  • Varraso R, Fung TT, Hu FB, Willett W, Camargo CA.
  • Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. rvarraso@hsph.harvard.edu
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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