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Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Men and Women: Results from Three Prospective Cohort Studies.

Frequent consumption of diets rich in healthy
plant foods, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole grains, may protect individuals against type 2 diabetes.

This study investigated the relationship between the consumption of plant-based diets and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in US men and women. Researchers reviewed dietary and clinical data obtained from over 200,000 subjects recruited from the Nurses's Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study cohorts.

Researchers discovered that regular consumers of healthy plant foods, such as fruits, nuts, legumes, whole grains, and vegetables, had slim chances of developing type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, high intake of unhealthy plant foods, such as refined grains, fruit juices, and sweetened beverages, was found to increase type 2 diabetes risk in this study. The results of this study support the growing body of evidence that consistent consumption of healthy plant foods may decrease type 2 diabetes in the general population.

Research Summary Information

  • 2016
  • Satija A, Bhupathiraju SN, Rimm EB, Spiegelman D, Chiuve SE, Borgi L, Willett WC, Manson JE, Sun Q, Hu FB.
  • Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Department of Global Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Renal Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No. Source of funding disclosure not found
  • No. Potential conflicts disclosure not found
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