Nut consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease risk and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.

High consumers of nuts are less likely to suffer from hypertension and coronary artery disease (CAD).

This study investigated the relationship between high dietary ingestion of nuts and the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, hypertension, and coronary artery disease (CAD). Researchers analyzed data extracted from 19 publications that examined 785,049 subjects.

Researchers observed that subjects who consistently consumed large servings of nuts had slight chances of developing hypertension and coronary artery disease. In contrast, generous intake of nuts was found to have little or no effect on type 2 diabetes and stroke risk. The findings of this study demonstrate that diets that promote nut consumption may prevent individuals from developing cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and coronary artery disease.

Research Summary Information

  • 2014
  • Zhou D, Yu H, He F, Reilly KH, Zhang J, Li S, Zhang T, Wang B, Ding Y, Xi B.
  • From the Department of Endocrinology, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China (DZ and JZ); the School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China (HY); the Institute of Medical Systems Biology, School of Public Health, Guangdong Medical College, Dongguan, China (HY and YD); the Department of Internal Medicine, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China (FH); Independent Consultant, New York (KHR); the Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China (SL, TZ, and BX); and the Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene (BW), School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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