Milk, dietary calcium, and bone fractures in women: a 12-year prospective study.

Milk and other calcium-rich foods are not associated with lower risk of bone fractures in adult females.

This study examined the relationship between the consumption of milk and other calcium-rich foods and bone fracture occurrence in women. Using validated food frequency questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 77761 women between the ages of 34 and 59 for 12 years. Incidence of bone fractures was self-reported by the subjects.

Researchers discovered that reduced bone fracture risk was not associated with the consumption of large amounts of milk and calcium-rich foods. The same risk of hip and forearm fractures was found in subjects who consumed two or more glasses of milk daily and those who consumed one glass or less per week. The findings of this study do not support the popular belief that ingesting high quantities of milk and other calcium-rich foods decreases the risk of osteoporotic fractures.

Research Summary Information

  • 1997
  • Feskanich D, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA.
  • Channing Laboratory, Boston, Mass. 02115, USA.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Source of funding disclosure found
  • This study was supported by research grants AR 41383 and CA 40356 from the National Institutes of Health and by the US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, under contract 533K06-5-10.
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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