Intake of fruit, vegetables, and fruit juices and risk of diabetes in women.

High consumption of whole fruits and green leafy vegetables may lower diabetes risk in women.

This study investigated the correlation between the consumption of whole fruits, vegetables, and fruit juices and diabetes risk in females. Using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires, researchers examined the diets of 71,346 female nurses between the ages of 38-63 years who have no history of cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases for 18 years. Diabetes hazard ratio was measured in all the subjects.

Researchers observed that subjects who consumed 3 servings of whole fruits per day and 1 serving of green leafy vegetables per day had lower risk of developing diabetes. On the other hand, high intake of fruit juice was found to increase diabetes risk. Ingestion of 3 servings/day of total fruit and vegetables was not linked to the development of diabetes in this study. The findings of this study show that consuming large quantities of fruit juice may elevate diabetes risk in women.

Research Summary Information

  • 2008
  • Bazzano LA, Li TY, Joshipura KJ, Hu FB.
  • Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. lbazzano@tulane.edu
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Source of funding disclosure found
  • This study was supported by Grants DK58845 and CA87969 from the National Institutes of Health. L.A.B. was supported by a Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health Scholarship (K12 HD43451), which was cofunded by the Office of Research on Women's Health and Office of Dietary Supplements.
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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