Global sodium consumption and death from cardiovascular causes.

High intake of sodium may increase the chances of dying from cardiovascular diseases.

This study investigated the correlation between sodium intake and cardiovascular mortality worldwide. Researchers analyzed the daily consumption rate of sodium in subjects from 66 different countries. The cardiovascular mortality hazard risk was also assessed in all the subjects.

Researchers discovered that intake of sodium above the reference level of 2.0g per day was responsible for 1.65 million deaths globally in 2010. I in every 10 cardiovascular-related deaths was attributed to high sodium consumption in this study. The findings of this study reveal that high sodium intake is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular mortality.

Research Summary Information

  • 2014
  • Mozaffarian D, Fahimi S, Singh GM, Micha R, Khatibzadeh S, Engell RE, Lim S, Danaei G, Ezzati M, Powles J; Global Burden of Diseases Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Expert Group.
  • Mozaffarian D, Ezzati M, Fahimi S, Khatibzadeh S, Micha R, Powles J, Shi P, Elmadfa I, Kalantarian S, Rao M, Wirojratana P, Lim SS, Andrews KG, Engell RE, Elliott P, Brown I, Britton J, Fogarty A, Land MA, Lewis S, McKeever T, Neal B, Ocké MC, Webster J, Abbott PA, Abdollahi M, Gilardon EA, de Salud M, Ahsan H, Al Nsour MA, Al-Hooti SN, Barennes H, Barquera S, Baylin A, Becker W, Bjerregaard P, Bourne LT, Calleja N, Capanzana MV, Castetbon K, Chang HY, Chen Y, Cowan MJ, De Henauw S, Ding EL, Duante CA, Duran P, Elmadfa I, Barbieri HE, Farzadfar F, Fernando DN, Hadziomeragic AF, Fisberg RM, Forsyth SJ, Garriguet D, Gauci D, Ginnela BN, Guessous I, Gulliford MC, Hadden WC, Haerpfer C, Hoffman DJ, Houshiar-rad A, Huybrechts I, Hwalla NC, Ibrahim HM, Inoue M, Jackson MD, Johansson L, Keinan-Boker L, Kim CI, Koksal E, Li Y, Lipoeto NI, Ma G, Mangialavori GL, Matsumura Y, McGarvey ST, Fen CM, Mensink GB, Koch R, Monge-Rojas R, Musaiger AO, Naska A, Ocke MC, Oltarzewski M, Orfanos P, Ovaskainen ML, Pan WH, Panagiotakos DB, Pekcan GA, Petrova S, Piaseu N, Pitsavos C, Posada LG, Riley LM, Sánchez-Romero LM, Selamat RB, Sharma S, Sibai AM, Sichieri R, Simmala C, Steingrimsdottir L, Sygnowska EH, Szponar L, Tapanainen H, Templeton R, Thanopoulou A, Thorgeirsdóttir H, Thorsdottir I, Trichopoulou A, Tsugane S, Turrini A, Vaask S, Veerman JL, Verena N, Waskiewicz A, Zaghloul S, Zajkás G.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • Source of funding disclosure found
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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