Dietary fiber intake and reduced risk of coronary heart disease in US men and women: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study.

Adequate intake of high fiber diets, particularly those rich in water soluble fiber, may help slash down coronary heart disease risk.

 This study was carried out to determine the correlation between dietary fiber intake and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Researchers collated and analyzed data on the dietary fiber consumption rate of 9,776 cardiovascular disease-free US men and women that participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. The coronary heart disease odds ratio of each of the participant in this study was also ascertained.

Researchers found a protective association between dietary fiber consumption, particularly water-soluble fiber, and coronary heart disease. The findings of this study lend further support to the hypothesis that high intake of fiber-rich foods is associated with low coronary heart and cardiovascular disease risk.

Research Summary Information

  • 2003
  • Bazzano LA, He J, Ogden LG, Loria CM, Whelton PK; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study.
  • Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
  • Yes, Free full text of study was found:
  • No source of funding disclosure found
  • No potential conflicts disclosure found
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